The Netherlands, Europe.

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General facts and Figures about The Netherlands

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The Netherlands – Facts & Figures

System of Government >>
Geography >>
Population >>
Language >>

 

1. System of Government

 

 

Year

Head of state

Queen Beatrix

 

Head of government

Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende

 

System of government

Constitutional monarchy

 

National language

Dutch

 

Capital city

Amsterdam

 

Population Amsterdam

743.000

2006

Seat of government

The Hague

 

Population The Hague

475.000

2006

Number of municipalities

458

2006

Number of provinces

12

 

 

Provinces

Provincial capital

 

Noord-Brabant

's-Hertogenbosch

 

Drenthe

Assen

 

Flevoland

Lelystad

 

Friesland

Leeuwarden

 

Groningen

Groningen

 

Gelderland

Arnhem

 

Zuid-Holland

Den Haag (The Hague)

 

Noord-Holland

Haarlem

 

Limburg

Maastricht

 

Overijssel

Zwolle

 

Utrecht

Utrecht

 

Zeeland

Middelburg

 

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2. Geography

Geography

Value

Year

Total area

41.500 km²

2004

Land

33.800 km²

2004

Water

7.700 km²

2004

Land below sea level

26 %

2005

National parks

2,8 % of total surface area

2005

Geografical position

Western Europa
between 53°33'22'' and 50°45'4'' latitude North
between 3°21'30" and 7°13'42" longitude East

Highest point above Amsterdam

Vaalserberg (Limbourg)

323 m

Lowest point below Amsterdam

Nieuwerkerk aan den Ijssel (South Holland)

- 6.7 m

 

Climate

temperate maritime

Average temperature

July

17,4 °C

Average temperature

January

2,8 °C

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3. Population

Demographics

Value

Year

Population

16.336.000

2006

Population per km 2 of land

484

2006

 

 

 

Increase in population

0,2 %

2004

Average life expectancy: men

76,9 ans

2006

Average life expectancy: women

81,2 ans

2006

 

Immigration from:

94.000

2004

Germany

8.700

 

Turkey

4.700

 

the Dutch Antilles and Aruba

5.200

 

the United Kingdom

5.400

 

Belgium

5 300

 

 

Emigration (destination)

75.000

2004

Germany

9.600

 

Belgium

9.500

 

The United Kingdom

8.900

 

the Dutch Antilles and Aruba

6.800

 

the United States

4.200

 

 

Persons born in the Netherlands who have remigrated

19.400

2004

Belgium

3.100

 

Germany

2.800

 

from the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba

1.600

 

from the United States

1 500

 

from the United Kingdom

1 300

 

 

 

Population by age

 

2006

0-19

24,3 %

 

20-49

26,9 %

 

40-64

34,5 %

 

65 and older

14,3 %

 

 

Religion

 

2004

Catholic

30 %

 

Protestant

21 %

 

Muslim

6 %

 

Hindu

1 %

 

Other religions

2 %

 

None

41 %

 

 

Educational attainment among the population aged 15-64

 

2004

primary only

9 %

 

junior general secondary

10 %

 

pre-vocational

14 %

 

senior general secondary / pre-university

11 %

 

secondary vocational

29 %

 

higher professional

16 %

 

university

9 %

 

 

Population born abroad or with one or both parents born abroad

19,3 %

2006

Indonesia

2,4 %

 

Germany

2,4 %

 

Turkey

2,2 %

 

Suriname

2,0 %

 

Morocco

2,0 %

 

 

Persons with a computer at home

82 %

2004

Persons with an Internet connection at home

73 %

2004

Home owners

54 %

2002

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The Dutch language

Dutch is the mother tongue of more than 22 million people in the Netherlands and Belgium. In northwestern France, around 60,000 people speak a Dutch dialect.
Dutch is used widely in government and education in the former colony of Suriname and in Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles, which are part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Indonesia, many lawyers and historians speak Dutch owing to historical ties. Afrikaans, which is spoken in South Africa, is an offshoot of Dutch. Dutch has also influenced other languages, especially in shipping, waterworks and agriculture.

Dutch is taught at around 250 universities around the world. In French-speaking Belgium, northern France and Germany, many pupils choose Dutch as their second language. In 1980, the Netherlands and Flanders founded the Nederlandse Taalunie (Dutch Language Union), which promotes Dutch worldwide and draws up rules for spelling and grammar.

In the province of Friesland, they speak a separate language: Frisian. This officially recognized language is the mother tongue of around 400,000 people. It is similar in some ways to English and the Scandinavian languages. Dutch is used in schools throughout the country, including Friesland.

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